Lake Natron

Lake Natron

A soda lake at the base of the active Ol Donyo Lengai volcano, the area around Lake Natron is often described as having a desolate and almost lunar beauty. Lake Natron is found in the northern part of Tanzania. Nearest towns to Lake Natron are Arusha in Tanzania and Magadi in Kenya. It is the most important breeding site for Lesser Flamingos in the world.

East Africa has 1.5-2.5 million Lesser Flamingos, representing three-quarters of the world population and most of them are hatched at Lake Natron.  Food is plentiful, nesting sites abound – and above all, the lake is isolated and undisturbed.  The lake and its ecosystem provides a source of livelihoods to the local communities.

High levels of evaporation have left behind natron (sodium carbonate decahydrate) and trona (sodium sesquicarbonate dihydrate). The alkalinity of the lake can reach a pH of greater than 12. The surrounding bedrock is composed of alkaline, sodium-dominated trachyte lavas that were laid down during the Pleistocene period. The lavas have significant amounts of carbonate but very low calcium and magnesium levels. This has allowed the lake to concentrate into a caustic alkaline brine

Walks around the lake and to the streams and waterfalls along the nearby escarpment make for a fantastic adventure off the beaten track.

There are a number of campgrounds near the lake, which is also the base for climbing Ol Doinyo Lengai.

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Best time to visit


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Lake Natron Nearby Attractions

Mount Ol doinyo Lengai
"Oldoinyo Lengai" means “The Mountain of God” in the Maasai language. The summit of this strato-volcano is 2962 metres above sea level, and affords direct views into the caldera of Tanzania’s only…

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Hifadhi ya Taifa Ziwa Manyara
Hifadhi ya Taifa Ziwa Manyara ni maarufu sana nchini kwa simba wanaopanda miti. Umaarufu wa hifadhi ya Ziwa Manyara unaongezeka kila siku kutokana na kukua kwa utaiii wa ndani ambapo wananchi wengi kutoka…

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Hifadhi ya Taifa Arusha
Hifadhi ya Taifa Arusha, yenye ukubwa wa kilomita za mraba 328.4, iko umbali wa kilomita 62 (kiasi cha mwendo wa saa moja kwa gari) kutoka mji wa kitalii wa Arusha.

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Lake Eyasi
Lake Eyasi is a seasonal shallow endorheic salt lake on the floor of the Great Rift Valley at the base of the Serengeti Plateau, just south of the Serengeti National Park and immediately southwest of the…

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Arusha City
Located in the northern highlands of Tanzania, beneath the twin peaks of Mt. Meru and Mount Kilimanjaro, Arusha is the safari capital of the country. Guests embarking on the popular northern safari circuit…

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